Mark's Almanac

Mark Pennell sits at the helm of his time machine.

Mark's Almanac is a 90-second time travel that highlights the world's history from the very serious to the sometimes sublime. Listen during Morning Edition and 1A.

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On this date in 1959, the American Football League was born. And 0n this date in 1966, Cleveland Municipal Stadium put on its first rock show featuring four lads from Liverpool.

On this date in 1868, a massive earthquake hit Peru with a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale. And on this date in 2015, the United States government returned a stolen Picasso painting to France. 

On this date in 1833, one of America's major cities was incorperated with a population of only 350. And on this date in 1877, Thomas Edison invented a new way to record sound.  

It was on this date in 1914, John Randolph Bray patented a new technique for film animation. And on this date in 1945, Japan agreed to surrender thus ending World War II.

On this date in 1776, that the Declaration of Independence finally reached the shores of Great Britain. And on this date in 1787, the composition "A Little Night Music" was finished by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

It was on this date in 1782, George Washington made the Badge of Military Merit - the decoration for American soldiers that would later become the Purple Heart. And on this date in 1912, the newly-created Progressive "Bull Moose" party nominated Theodore Roosevelt for president. 

It was on this date in 1945 that an American B-29 bomber aircraft dropped the world's first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Approximately 80,000 people were killed as a direct result of the blast itself. 

It was on this date in 1861, that President Abraham Lincoln signed the first American income tax into law. And on this date in 1914, the world's first electric traffic signal went into service in Cleveland.

It was on this date in 1753 that George Washington achieved the rank of Master Mason in the Freemasons.  Also on this date in 1909, a Major League Baseball umpire started a riot. 

On this date in 1492, Christopher Columbus began his journey to North America. Also on this date in 1963, the "Fab-Four" performed their final show at the legendary Cavern Club. 

On this date in 1790, the first patent was issued in the United States. And on this date in 2012, a blackout left 600 Million people without power in India.

It was on this date in 1965, that President Johnson signed the law ensuring healthcare for older Americans. And on this date in 1975, labor leader Jimmy Hoffa officially went missing. 

It was on this date in 1928, that test footage was released for Disney's most iconic character. And on this date in 1976, David Berkowitz began his terror spree on New York City.

On this date in 1945, a B-25 Bomber slammed into one of New York's most iconic buildings. And on this date in 2016, a human fossil was found in South Africa that shed some light on the state of cancer.

Editor's note: Today's edition of Mark's Almanac originally contained audio from a period newsreel which included a derogatory and offensive term for Japanese people. That section of audio has been removed from this episode. WKSU regrets the inclusion of this audio clip and apologizes for its use.

On this date in 1974, the U.S. House Judiciary Committee recommended President Nixon be impeached. And on this date in 1996, Atlanta woke to a blast in Olympic Centennial Park.

On this date in 1880, the first ever hydroelectric power plant began service in Michigan. And on this date in 1959, Vice President Nixon argued for the merits of capitalism in the Kitchen Debate.

It was on this date in 1878, the notorius Black Bart struck again. And in 1973, President Nixon's tape recordings became the center of national controversy. 

On this date in 1796, Moses Cleaveland landed at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River and started a new city. And in 1991, one of the most prolific serial killers was finally caught. 

On this date in 1853, one of the most recognizeable parks in New York got its start. And in 1880, a compressed air tunnel accident killed 20.

On this date in 1801, a massive cheeseball made headlines. And in 1969, Neil Armstrong made that "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

It was on this date in 1948 that an act of kindness with bars of chocolate would turn into a major operation. And in 1955, "the happiest place on earth" opened its doors in Anaheim, California. 

It was on this date in 1790 that U.S. Congress designated the spot for the new nation's capital. And in 1957, John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record that would eventually propel him to even greater heights.

On this date in 1916, Pacific Aero Products was started and would go on to become a well-known iconic aircraft manufacterer. And on this date in 1972, Elton John had his first number one album in the US.

On this date in 1850, one of the greatest inventions of modern times cooled us all off. And in 1983, Nintendo released an iconic game that features a plumber and his brother.

On this date in 1939, "Ol' Blue Eyes" made his recording debut. And in 1923, one of the most iconic signs was dedicated in Los Angeles.